Christian places Capernaum and Tabha
One of the most important for the Christian world the location of the Galilee Sea is the city of Capernaum. It is mentioned in the New Testament as the place of birth of the Apostles Peter, Andrei, John and James. This city is very ancient, archaeologists constantly work here. Part of the ancient finds are stored in many museums of the world.
Jesus came to Capernaum after left Nazareth. And the city became the center of the preaching activities of Christ, here he made many of his wonders: healed in the fever of Peter, healed and called for the apostolic service Matthew, healed the servant of the Roman Century, who built a synagogue for Jews. But, despite all this, only a few believed in the preaching of Jesus. Residents of Capernaum kicked him out of the synagogue. For this city was cursed and likened to Soda.
Today’s Capernaum is a blooming oasis for Christian pilgrims of all world and inquisitive tourists and paradise for archaeologists. Part of the ancient city of excavation.
Remains of the house of Simon Peter, where Christ often stopped and healing many people. Here is the foundation of the temple, erected by the first Christians at the place of the house of St. Peter.
Above the foundation of an ancient temple today built an ultra-modern Catholic church "House of the Holy Apostle Peter".
The Ruins of the Byzantine Church on the site of the House of Apostle Peter can also be seen through the glass stained glass in the Catholic Temple Semi.
Remains of white synagogues rise next to the temple. In the 4th century it was a huge synagogue, built, on the assumption of scientists, on the basis of the more ancient synagogue in which Jesus preached.
- The foundation of an ancient temple
- White synagogue residues
- Church altar
- Basilica mosaic floor
In size, it is significantly larger than the churches of the same period, although it is built in the form of a typical two-story basilica. Obviously, the synagogue was raised with a scope and was decorated very expensive. In fact, with this luxurious building, scientists have not yet fully understood. At what exactly the time she was built? Why the synagogue is more and richer decorated than the church? Perhaps it was a public building accompanying and synagogue? However, for numerous pilgrims, all this is not so important, they come here to bow to the Holy Place.
In another part of the historic Park, Kapernaum, which is pleasant to walk on foot, is the Orthodox Greek Church of the Cathedral of the Twelve Apostles. Very neat, drowned construction in the greenery with red domes, built in the 1980s.
A bright impression leaves a little wild church park with shady alleys, blooming plants and walking peacocks.
Holy places along the lake set, for a short journey everything will not. But it is impossible to leave no attention to another sign of Galilee. This is a table (in Hebrew – Ein Sheva), where there is a church of multiplication of bread and fish. It was here that there were several important events for Christians. The most famous of them is a miracle of multiplication of loaves and fish.
Jesus came here, learning about the death of John the Baptist to pray alone. His disciples followed him, and for them and the people with requests for healing. Without refusing to anyone, all day Jesus was healing, and in the evening people were hungry. But the place was deserted, and nobody took. And then Jesus said: "There are 5 breads and two fish" – And fed all. People were 5 thousand people, but everyone was saturated and left. In about 350, at the emperor, Konstantine, at this place, built a basil with a mosaic floor, most of which was still preserved, although some pieces were restored in our time.
And the stone on which Jesus put the baskets with bread and fish was the church altar, next to him and the famous mosaic is depicted.
This is one of the most famous mosaics in the world, depicting two fish and five loaves. She became a symbol of the Holy Land. Actually depicted only four bread – in order to form a cross. The modern building of the church was built in 1982 on the means of the monastic order of the Benedictine. Nearby there is a monastery of the Benedictine, his monks supervise the church.
The principal decision of the project was all the attention of visitors to concentrate on the main shrine of the place – the stone, on which Jesus decomposed the breadmen mentioned in the Gospels and Pisces. It was also necessary to competently include fragments of early buildings of the church and maintain ancient mosaic.
By the way about fish. The most common fish of the Galilee Sea – Fish of St. Peter. According to the gospel legend, it is this fish – tilapia from the detachment of perch-like fishing in Lake Saint Peter, when was still a simple fisherman. According to legends, two dark stains for gills are the remaining traces of the fingers of the Apostle Peter. Fish of St. Peter is found in many reservoirs of the world, but with celebrations, only in Kinner. You can enjoy this very tasty fish in many restaurants of tweries, as well as in the coastal cafe along the lake, sitting in the shade of the water.