What to see in Jerusalem: Yaffian Gate

Yaffian gate &# 8211; Some of the most important gates of the old Jerusalem, Movement always boils here, pass through these gates to Armenian and Christian Quarters. It is more convenient to start an acquaintance with the old Jerusalem.

Yaffian gate was so named because of their location, they were on the strategic crossroads of the Western road road, which led to the seaport of Jaffa, and the roads of the southern direction, which led to Hebron and Bethlehem. These two roads and this day are the main transport arteries of the city. Street, leading from the new city to the Yaffian gate, received a similar name &# 8211; Street Jaffa.

Immediately behind Yaffish gates can be seen A small area, it is on the border of 2 quarters: Armenian and Christian. On the right side of the area is located Tower of David (Now the Museum of History of Jerusalem). This museum is notable for an interesting exhibit &# 8211; Mock of Jerusalem Authorship Stephen Illness (19th in.).

Despite the apparent impressive size of the gate, the passage in them is quite narrow, it is made in the form of the letter "L". This was done in order to bring down the pace of offensive in the case of enemy attack.

Yaffian gate in the present form Built in 1538 g. at Suleiman I At the place of the gate earlier time. You can see the exact date of the end of their construction on the arc outside.

On the left side of the entrance, inside the Yaffian gate, there are two burials. Local guides love to tell an exciting legend that this is the burial of architects, whom, for one of the versions, Sultan ordered to execute allegedly due to the fact that Mount Zion did not include in the city, surrounded by a wall; and according to the second version, they were executed, so that they could not, then, anywhere to build analogue of this majestic wall. But legends do not correspond to reality, in fact, Chet dear and wealthy citizens are buried here.

As mentioned above, the Citadel (Tower of David) is located nearby, which was once built to protect the gate, and the first serf strengthening in this place was still built by Hasmonia. Later on the foundation of their fortifications Herod built a citadel.

From the history of the Citadel, it is known that the crusaders could not master it, the garrison of the tower surrendered only after the total fall of the city. A minaret is mined over the citadel, this building refers to the 12th in.

In 1898., When Jerusalem visited Kaiser Wilhelm II, the Turkish authorities decided to destroy part of the wall at the Yaffian gate, and also partially fell asleep at the David Tower, so that the emperor could comfortably and without interference to enter the city in a personal carriage. The idea turned out to be successful, now through this break is also carried out by automobile and pedestrian movement between the new and old town.

Yaffian Gate and Clock Tower

What to see in Jerusalem Yaffian Gate

In 1907. On the roof of the gate, the Ottoman authorities set the clock, and a year later Over the gateway was allowed and the clock tower for the needs of the city business district. Such a tower &# 8211; One of the hundreds of similar, constructed throughout the Ottoman Empire in honor of the 25th anniversary of the Board of Abdul-Hamid II. The fact that was chosen from all the towers and the gate of the old town is this, only emphasizes the importance and significance of this architectural monument. The tower was not immediately built, but only in 1908., Since the project cost 20 thousand. francs; and the treasurers of the city did not immediately find such a large amount. In 1922. The clock tower was dismantled by the British authorities for aesthetic reasons.

In 1917. British General E. Allenby went to the old town on foot through the Yaffian gate as a sign of respect for the ancient city, not wanting to be like a Kaiser who had previously visited Jerusalem.

When old Jerusalem was under the rule of Jordan (1948-1967.), Yaffian gates were in a closed state, since they were on a neutral territory in accordance with the cease-fire agreement (hostilities) between Jordan and Israel. During the six-day war (1967.) Old Town, in T. C. Yaffian gates were under the control of Israel and were open again. Nowadays, an underground car park operates near the Yaffian gate, as well as the Momille shopping center, the Christian Information Center and the Post Office.

Tips for tourists

If you wish to buy souvenirs, it is best to start the inspection of the old city from these famous gates, because one of the main markets begins, it stretched along the street David. In addition, the gate is successfully located in relation to public transport stops.

What to see in Jerusalem Yaffian Gate

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